Tag Archives: agricultural machinery china

China Best Sales Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub with Free Design Custom

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in china hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery spare parts rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

What is a drive shaft?

If you notice a clicking noise while driving, it is most likely the driveshaft. An experienced auto mechanic will be able to tell you if the noise is coming from both sides or from 1 side. If it only happens on 1 side, you should check it. If you notice noise on both sides, you should contact a mechanic. In either case, a replacement driveshaft should be easy to find.
air-compressor

The drive shaft is a mechanical part

A driveshaft is a mechanical device that transmits rotation and torque from the engine to the wheels of the vehicle. This component is essential to the operation of any driveline, as the mechanical power from the engine is transmitted to the PTO (power take-off) shaft, which hydraulically transmits that power to connected equipment. Different drive shafts contain different combinations of joints to compensate for changes in shaft length and angle. Some types of drive shafts include connecting shafts, internal constant velocity joints, and external fixed joints. They also contain anti-lock system rings and torsional dampers to prevent overloading the axle or causing the wheels to lock.
Although driveshafts are relatively light, they need to handle a lot of torque. Torque applied to the drive shaft produces torsional and shear stresses. Because they have to withstand torque, these shafts are designed to be lightweight and have little inertia or weight. Therefore, they usually have a joint, coupling or rod between the 2 parts. Components can also be bent to accommodate changes in the distance between them.
The drive shaft can be made from a variety of materials. The most common material for these components is steel, although alloy steels are often used for high-strength applications. Alloy steel, chromium or vanadium are other materials that can be used. The type of material used depends on the application and size of the component. In many cases, metal driveshafts are the most durable and cheapest option. Plastic shafts are used for light duty applications and have different torque levels than metal shafts.

It transfers power from the engine to the wheels

A car’s powertrain consists of an electric motor, transmission, and differential. Each section performs a specific job. In a rear-wheel drive vehicle, the power generated by the engine is transmitted to the rear tires. This arrangement improves braking and handling. The differential controls how much power each wheel receives. The torque of the engine is transferred to the wheels according to its speed.
The transmission transfers power from the engine to the wheels. It is also called “transgender”. Its job is to ensure power is delivered to the wheels. Electric cars cannot drive themselves and require a gearbox to drive forward. It also controls how much power reaches the wheels at any given moment. The transmission is the last part of the power transmission chain. Despite its many names, the transmission is the most complex component of a car’s powertrain.
The driveshaft is a long steel tube that transmits mechanical power from the transmission to the wheels. Cardan joints connect to the drive shaft and provide flexible pivot points. The differential assembly is mounted on the drive shaft, allowing the wheels to turn at different speeds. The differential allows the wheels to turn at different speeds and is very important when cornering. Axles are also important to the performance of the car.

It has a rubber boot that protects it from dust and moisture

To keep this boot in good condition, you should clean it with cold water and a rag. Never place it in the dryer or in direct sunlight. Heat can deteriorate the rubber and cause it to shrink or crack. To prolong the life of your rubber boots, apply rubber conditioner to them regularly. Indigenous peoples in the Amazon region collect latex sap from the bark of rubber trees. Then they put their feet on the fire to solidify the sap.
air-compressor

it has a U-shaped connector

The drive shaft has a U-joint that transfers rotational energy from the engine to the axle. Defective gimbal joints can cause vibrations when the vehicle is in motion. This vibration is often mistaken for a wheel balance problem. Wheel balance problems can cause the vehicle to vibrate while driving, while a U-joint failure can cause the vehicle to vibrate when decelerating and accelerating, and stop when the vehicle is stopped.
The drive shaft is connected to the transmission and differential using a U-joint. It allows for small changes in position between the 2 components. This prevents the differential and transmission from remaining perfectly aligned. The U-joint also allows the drive shaft to be connected unconstrained, allowing the vehicle to move. Its main purpose is to transmit electricity. Of all types of elastic couplings, U-joints are the oldest.
Your vehicle’s U-joints should be inspected at least twice a year, and the joints should be greased. When checking the U-joint, you should hear a dull sound when changing gears. A clicking sound indicates insufficient grease in the bearing. If you hear or feel vibrations when shifting gears, you may need to service the bearings to prolong their life.

it has a slide-in tube

The telescopic design is a modern alternative to traditional driveshaft designs. This innovative design is based on an unconventional design philosophy that combines advances in material science and manufacturing processes. Therefore, they are more efficient and lighter than conventional designs. Slide-in tubes are a simple and efficient design solution for any vehicle application. Here are some of its benefits. Read on to learn why this type of shaft is ideal for many applications.
The telescopic drive shaft is an important part of the traditional automobile transmission system. These driveshafts allow linear motion of the 2 components, transmitting torque and rotation throughout the vehicle’s driveline. They also absorb energy if the vehicle collides. Often referred to as foldable driveshafts, their popularity is directly dependent on the evolution of the automotive industry.
air-compressor

It uses a bearing press to replace worn or damaged U-joints

A bearing press is a device that uses a rotary press mechanism to install or remove worn or damaged U-joints from a drive shaft. With this tool, you can replace worn or damaged U-joints in your car with relative ease. The first step involves placing the drive shaft in the vise. Then, use the 11/16″ socket to press the other cup in far enough to install the clips. If the cups don’t fit, you can use a bearing press to remove them and repeat the process. After removing the U-joint, use a grease nipple Make sure the new grease nipple is installed correctly.
Worn or damaged U-joints are a major source of driveshaft failure. If 1 of them were damaged or damaged, the entire driveshaft could dislocate and the car would lose power. Unless you have a professional mechanic doing the repairs, you will have to replace the entire driveshaft. Fortunately, there are many ways to do this yourself.
If any of these warning signs appear on your vehicle, you should consider replacing the damaged or worn U-joint. Common symptoms of damaged U-joints include rattling or periodic squeaking when moving, rattling when shifting, wobbling when turning, or rusted oil seals. If you notice any of these symptoms, take your vehicle to a qualified mechanic for a full inspection. Neglecting to replace a worn or damaged u-joint on the driveshaft can result in expensive and dangerous repairs and can cause significant damage to your vehicle.

China Best Sales Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Free Design CustomChina Best Sales Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Free Design Custom

China Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub wholesaler

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in China OEM customized hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery components rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

What Are Worm Gears and Worm Shafts?

If you’re looking for a fishing reel with a worm gear system, you’ve probably come across the term ‘worm gear’. But what are worm gears and worm shafts? And what are the advantages and disadvantages of worm gears? Let’s take a closer look! Read on to learn more about worm gears and shafts! Then you’ll be well on your way to purchasing a reel with a worm gear system.
worm shaft

worm gear reducers

Worm shaft reducers have a number of advantages over conventional gear reduction mechanisms. First, they’re highly efficient. While single stage worm reducers have a maximum reduction ratio of about 5 to 60, hypoid gears can typically go up to a maximum of 1 hundred and 20 times. A worm shaft reducer is only as efficient as the gearing it utilizes. This article will discuss some of the advantages of using a hypoid gear set, and how it can benefit your business.
To assemble a worm shaft reducer, first remove the flange from the motor. Then, remove the output bearing carrier and output gear assembly. Lastly, install the intermediate worm assembly through the bore opposite to the attachment housing. Once installed, you should carefully remove the bearing carrier and the gear assembly from the motor. Don’t forget to remove the oil seal from the housing and motor flange. During this process, you must use a small hammer to tap around the face of the plug near the outside diameter of the housing.
Worm gears are often used in reversing prevention systems. The backlash of a worm gear can increase with wear. However, a duplex worm gear was designed to address this problem. This type of gear requires a smaller backlash but is still highly precise. It uses different leads for the opposing tooth face, which continuously alters its tooth thickness. Worm gears can also be adjusted axially.

worm gears

There are a couple of different types of lubricants that are used in worm gears. The first, polyalkylene glycols, are used in cases where high temperature is not a concern. This type of lubricant does not contain any waxes, which makes it an excellent choice in low-temperature applications. However, these lubricants are not compatible with mineral oils or some types of paints and seals. Worm gears typically feature a steel worm and a brass wheel. The brass wheel is much easier to remodel than steel and is generally modeled as a sacrificial component.
The worm gear is most effective when it is used in small and compact applications. Worm gears can greatly increase torque or reduce speed, and they are often used where space is an issue. Worm gears are among the smoothest and quietest gear systems on the market, and their meshing effectiveness is excellent. However, the worm gear requires high-quality manufacturing to perform at its highest levels. If you’re considering a worm gear for a project, it’s important to make sure that you find a manufacturer with a long and high quality reputation.
The pitch diameters of both worm and pinion gears must match. The 2 worm cylinders in a worm wheel have the same pitch diameter. The worm wheel shaft has 2 pitch cylinders and 2 threads. They are similar in pitch diameter, but have different advancing angles. A self-locking worm gear, also known as a wormwheel, is usually self-locking. Moreover, self-locking worm gears are easy to install.

worm shafts

The deflection of worm shafts varies with toothing parameters. In addition to toothing length, worm gear size and pressure angle, worm gear size and number of helical threads are all influencing factors. These variations are modeled in the standard ISO/TS 14521 reference gear. This table shows the variations in each parameter. The ID indicates the worm shaft’s center distance. In addition, a new calculation method is presented for determining the equivalent bending diameter of the worm.
The deflection of worm shafts is investigated using a four-stage process. First, the finite element method is used to compute the deflection of a worm shaft. Then, the worm shaft is experimentally tested, comparing the results with the corresponding simulations. The final stage of the simulation is to consider the toothing geometry of 15 different worm gear toothings. The results of this step confirm the modeled results.
The lead on the right and left tooth surfaces of worms is the same. However, the lead can be varied along the worm shaft. This is called dual lead worm gear, and is used to eliminate play in the main worm gear of hobbing machines. The pitch diameters of worm modules are equal. The same principle applies to their pitch diameters. Generally, the lead angle increases as the number of threads decreases. Hence, the larger the lead angle, the less self-locking it becomes.
worm shaft

worm gears in fishing reels

Fishing reels usually include worm shafts as a part of the construction. Worm shafts in fishing reels allow for uniform worm winding. The worm shaft is attached to a bearing on the rear wall of the reel unit through a hole. The worm shaft’s front end is supported by a concave hole in the front of the reel unit. A conventional fishing reel may also have a worm shaft attached to the sidewall.
The gear support portion 29 supports the rear end of the pinion gear 12. It is a thick rib that protrudes from the lid portion 2 b. It is mounted on a bushing 14 b, which has a through hole through which the worm shaft 20 passes. This worm gear supports the worm. There are 2 types of worm gears available for fishing reels. The 2 types of worm gears may have different number of teeth or they may be the same.
Typical worm shafts are made of stainless steel. Stainless steel worm shafts are especially corrosion-resistant and durable. Worm shafts are used on spinning reels, spin-casting reels, and in many electrical tools. A worm shaft can be reversible, but it is not entirely reliable. There are numerous benefits of worm shafts in fishing reels. These fishing reels also feature a line winder or level winder.

worm gears in electrical tools

Worms have different tooth shapes that can help increase the load carrying capacity of a worm gear. Different tooth shapes can be used with circular or secondary curve cross sections. The pitch point of the cross section is the boundary for this type of mesh. The mesh can be either positive or negative depending on the desired torque. Worm teeth can also be inspected by measuring them over pins. In many cases, the lead thickness of a worm can be adjusted using a gear tooth caliper.
The worm shaft is fixed to the lower case section 8 via a rubber bush 13. The worm wheel 3 is attached to the joint shaft 12. The worm 2 is coaxially attached to the shaft end section 12a. This joint shaft connects to a swing arm and rotates the worm wheel 3.
The backlash of a worm gear may be increased if the worm is not mounted properly. To fix the problem, manufacturers have developed duplex worm gears, which are suitable for small backlash applications. Duplex worm gears utilize different leads on each tooth face for continuous change in tooth thickness. In this way, the center distance of the worm gear can be adjusted without changing the worm’s design.

worm gears in engines

Using worm shafts in engines has a few benefits. First of all, worm gears are quiet. The gear and worm face move in opposite directions so the energy transferred is linear. Worm gears are popular in applications where torque is important, such as elevators and lifts. Worm gears also have the advantage of being made from soft materials, making them easy to lubricate and to use in applications where noise is a concern.
Lubricants are necessary for worm gears. The viscosity of lubricants determines whether the worm is able to touch the gear or wheel. Common lubricants are ISO 680 and 460, but higher viscosity oil is not uncommon. It is essential to use the right lubricants for worm gears, since they cannot be lubricated indefinitely.
Worm gears are not recommended for engines due to their limited performance. The worm gear’s spiral motion causes a significant reduction in space, but this requires a high amount of lubrication. Worm gears are susceptible to breaking down because of the stress placed on them. Moreover, their limited speed can cause significant damage to the gearbox, so careful maintenance is essential. To make sure worm gears remain in top condition, you should inspect and clean them regularly.
worm shaft

Methods for manufacturing worm shafts

A novel approach to manufacturing worm shafts and gearboxes is provided by the methods of the present invention. Aspects of the technique involve manufacturing the worm shaft from a common worm shaft blank having a defined outer diameter and axial pitch. The worm shaft blank is then adapted to the desired gear ratio, resulting in a gearbox family with multiple gear ratios. The preferred method for manufacturing worm shafts and gearboxes is outlined below.
A worm shaft assembly process may involve establishing an axial pitch for a given frame size and reduction ratio. A single worm shaft blank typically has an outer diameter of 100 millimeters, which is the measurement of the worm gear set’s center distance. Upon completion of the assembly process, the worm shaft has the desired axial pitch. Methods for manufacturing worm shafts include the following:
For the design of the worm gear, a high degree of conformity is required. Worm gears are classified as a screw pair in the lower pairs. Worm gears have high relative sliding, which is advantageous when comparing them to other types of gears. Worm gears require good surface finish and rigid positioning. Worm gear lubrication usually comprises surface active additives such as silica or phosphor-bronze. Worm gear lubricants are often mixed. The lubricant film that forms on the gear teeth has little impact on wear and is generally a good lubricant.

China Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub   wholesaler China Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub   wholesaler

China best Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Accessories Rear Axle Wheel Hub with Hot selling

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in china hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery accessories rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China best Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Accessories Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Hot sellingChina best Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Accessories Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Hot selling

China factory Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub with Best Sales

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in china hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery accessories rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

Calculating the Deflection of a Worm Shaft

In this article, we’ll discuss how to calculate the deflection of a worm gear’s worm shaft. We’ll also discuss the characteristics of a worm gear, including its tooth forces. And we’ll cover the important characteristics of a worm gear. Read on to learn more! Here are some things to consider before purchasing a worm gear. We hope you enjoy learning! After reading this article, you’ll be well-equipped to choose a worm gear to match your needs.
worm shaft

Calculation of worm shaft deflection

The main goal of the calculations is to determine the deflection of a worm. Worms are used to turn gears and mechanical devices. This type of transmission uses a worm. The worm diameter and the number of teeth are inputted into the calculation gradually. Then, a table with proper solutions is shown on the screen. After completing the table, you can then move on to the main calculation. You can change the strength parameters as well.
The maximum worm shaft deflection is calculated using the finite element method (FEM). The model has many parameters, including the size of the elements and boundary conditions. The results from these simulations are compared to the corresponding analytical values to calculate the maximum deflection. The result is a table that displays the maximum worm shaft deflection. The tables can be downloaded below. You can also find more information about the different deflection formulas and their applications.
The calculation method used by DIN EN 10084 is based on the hardened cemented worm of 16MnCr5. Then, you can use DIN EN 10084 (CuSn12Ni2-C-GZ) and DIN EN 1982 (CuAl10Fe5Ne5-C-GZ). Then, you can enter the worm face width, either manually or using the auto-suggest option.
Common methods for the calculation of worm shaft deflection provide a good approximation of deflection but do not account for geometric modifications on the worm. While Norgauer’s 2021 approach addresses these issues, it fails to account for the helical winding of the worm teeth and overestimates the stiffening effect of gearing. More sophisticated approaches are required for the efficient design of thin worm shafts.
Worm gears have a low noise and vibration compared to other types of mechanical devices. However, worm gears are often limited by the amount of wear that occurs on the softer worm wheel. Worm shaft deflection is a significant influencing factor for noise and wear. The calculation method for worm gear deflection is available in ISO/TR 14521, DIN 3996, and AGMA 6022.
The worm gear can be designed with a precise transmission ratio. The calculation involves dividing the transmission ratio between more stages in a gearbox. Power transmission input parameters affect the gearing properties, as well as the material of the worm/gear. To achieve a better efficiency, the worm/gear material should match the conditions that are to be experienced. The worm gear can be a self-locking transmission.
The worm gearbox contains several machine elements. The main contributors to the total power loss are the axial loads and bearing losses on the worm shaft. Hence, different bearing configurations are studied. One type includes locating/non-locating bearing arrangements. The other is tapered roller bearings. The worm gear drives are considered when locating versus non-locating bearings. The analysis of worm gear drives is also an investigation of the X-arrangement and four-point contact bearings.
worm shaft

Influence of tooth forces on bending stiffness of a worm gear

The bending stiffness of a worm gear is dependent on tooth forces. Tooth forces increase as the power density increases, but this also leads to increased worm shaft deflection. The resulting deflection can affect efficiency, wear load capacity, and NVH behavior. Continuous improvements in bronze materials, lubricants, and manufacturing quality have enabled worm gear manufacturers to produce increasingly high power densities.
Standardized calculation methods take into account the supporting effect of the toothing on the worm shaft. However, overhung worm gears are not included in the calculation. In addition, the toothing area is not taken into account unless the shaft is designed next to the worm gear. Similarly, the root diameter is treated as the equivalent bending diameter, but this ignores the supporting effect of the worm toothing.
A generalized formula is provided to estimate the STE contribution to vibratory excitation. The results are applicable to any gear with a meshing pattern. It is recommended that engineers test different meshing methods to obtain more accurate results. One way to test tooth-meshing surfaces is to use a finite element stress and mesh subprogram. This software will measure tooth-bending stresses under dynamic loads.
The effect of tooth-brushing and lubricant on bending stiffness can be achieved by increasing the pressure angle of the worm pair. This can reduce tooth bending stresses in the worm gear. A further method is to add a load-loaded tooth-contact analysis (CCTA). This is also used to analyze mismatched ZC1 worm drive. The results obtained with the technique have been widely applied to various types of gearing.
In this study, we found that the ring gear’s bending stiffness is highly influenced by the teeth. The chamfered root of the ring gear is larger than the slot width. Thus, the ring gear’s bending stiffness varies with its tooth width, which increases with the ring wall thickness. Furthermore, a variation in the ring wall thickness of the worm gear causes a greater deviation from the design specification.
To understand the impact of the teeth on the bending stiffness of a worm gear, it is important to know the root shape. Involute teeth are susceptible to bending stress and can break under extreme conditions. A tooth-breakage analysis can control this by determining the root shape and the bending stiffness. The optimization of the root shape directly on the final gear minimizes the bending stress in the involute teeth.
The influence of tooth forces on the bending stiffness of a worm gear was investigated using the CZPT Spiral Bevel Gear Test Facility. In this study, multiple teeth of a spiral bevel pinion were instrumented with strain gages and tested at speeds ranging from static to 14400 RPM. The tests were performed with power levels as high as 540 kW. The results obtained were compared with the analysis of a three-dimensional finite element model.
worm shaft

Characteristics of worm gears

Worm gears are unique types of gears. They feature a variety of characteristics and applications. This article will examine the characteristics and benefits of worm gears. Then, we’ll examine the common applications of worm gears. Let’s take a look! Before we dive in to worm gears, let’s review their capabilities. Hopefully, you’ll see how versatile these gears are.
A worm gear can achieve massive reduction ratios with little effort. By adding circumference to the wheel, the worm can greatly increase its torque and decrease its speed. Conventional gearsets require multiple reductions to achieve the same reduction ratio. Worm gears have fewer moving parts, so there are fewer places for failure. However, they can’t reverse the direction of power. This is because the friction between the worm and wheel makes it impossible to move the worm backwards.
Worm gears are widely used in elevators, hoists, and lifts. They are particularly useful in applications where stopping speed is critical. They can be incorporated with smaller brakes to ensure safety, but shouldn’t be relied upon as a primary braking system. Generally, they are self-locking, so they are a good choice for many applications. They also have many benefits, including increased efficiency and safety.
Worm gears are designed to achieve a specific reduction ratio. They are typically arranged between the input and output shafts of a motor and a load. The 2 shafts are often positioned at an angle that ensures proper alignment. Worm gear gears have a center spacing of a frame size. The center spacing of the gear and worm shaft determines the axial pitch. For instance, if the gearsets are set at a radial distance, a smaller outer diameter is necessary.
Worm gears’ sliding contact reduces efficiency. But it also ensures quiet operation. The sliding action limits the efficiency of worm gears to 30% to 50%. A few techniques are introduced herein to minimize friction and to produce good entrance and exit gaps. You’ll soon see why they’re such a versatile choice for your needs! So, if you’re considering purchasing a worm gear, make sure you read this article to learn more about its characteristics!
An embodiment of a worm gear is described in FIGS. 19 and 20. An alternate embodiment of the system uses a single motor and a single worm 153. The worm 153 turns a gear which drives an arm 152. The arm 152, in turn, moves the lens/mirr assembly 10 by varying the elevation angle. The motor control unit 114 then tracks the elevation angle of the lens/mirr assembly 10 in relation to the reference position.
The worm wheel and worm are both made of metal. However, the brass worm and wheel are made of brass, which is a yellow metal. Their lubricant selections are more flexible, but they’re limited by additive restrictions due to their yellow metal. Plastic on metal worm gears are generally found in light load applications. The lubricant used depends on the type of plastic, as many types of plastics react to hydrocarbons found in regular lubricant. For this reason, you need a non-reactive lubricant.

China factory Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Best SalesChina factory Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Spare Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Best Sales

China Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub with Hot selling

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in China OEM customized hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery parts rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

Worm Shafts and Gearboxes

If you have a gearbox, you may be wondering what the best Worm Shaft is for your application. There are several things to consider, including the Concave shape, Number of threads, and Lubrication. This article will explain each factor and help you choose the right Worm Shaft for your gearbox. There are many options available on the market, so don’t hesitate to shop around. If you are new to the world of gearboxes, read on to learn more about this popular type of gearbox.
worm shaft

Concave shape

The geometry of a worm gear varies considerably depending on its manufacturer and its intended use. Early worms had a basic profile that resembled a screw thread and could be chased on a lathe. Later, tools with a straight sided g-angle were developed to produce threads that were parallel to the worm’s axis. Grinding was also developed to improve the finish of worm threads and minimize distortions that occur with hardening.
To select a worm with the proper geometry, the diameter of the worm gear must be in the same unit as the worm’s shaft. Once the basic profile of the worm gear is determined, the worm gear teeth can be specified. The calculation also involves an angle for the worm shaft to prevent it from overheating. The angle of the worm shaft should be as close to the vertical axis as possible.
Double-enveloping worm gears, on the other hand, do not have a throat around the worm. They are helical gears with a straight worm shaft. Since the teeth of the worm are in contact with each other, they produce significant friction. Unlike double-enveloping worm gears, non-throated worm gears are more compact and can handle smaller loads. They are also easy to manufacture.
The worm gears of different manufacturers offer many advantages. For instance, worm gears are 1 of the most efficient ways to increase torque, while lower-quality materials like bronze are difficult to lubricate. Worm gears also have a low failure rate because they allow for considerable leeway in the design process. Despite the differences between the 2 standards, the overall performance of a worm gear system is the same.
The cone-shaped worm is another type. This is a technological scheme that combines a straight worm shaft with a concave arc. The concave arc is also a useful utility model. Worms with this shape have more than 3 contacts at the same time, which means they can reduce a large diameter without excessive wear. It is also a relatively low-cost model.
worm shaft

Thread pattern

A good worm gear requires a perfect thread pattern. There are a few key parameters that determine how good a thread pattern is. Firstly, the threading pattern must be ACME-threaded. If this is not possible, the thread must be made with straight sides. Then, the linear pitch of the “worm” must be the same as the circular pitch of the corresponding worm wheel. In simple terms, this means the pitch of the “worm” is the same as the circular pitch of the worm wheel. A quick-change gearbox is usually used with this type of worm gear. Alternatively, lead-screw change gears are used instead of a quick-change gear box. The pitch of a worm gear equals the helix angle of a screw.
A worm gear’s axial pitch must match the circular pitch of a gear with a higher axial pitch. The circular pitch is the distance between the points of teeth on the worm, while the axial pitch is the distance between the worm’s teeth. Another factor is the worm’s lead angle. The angle between the pitch cylinder and worm shaft is called its lead angle, and the higher the lead angle, the greater the efficiency of a gear.
Worm gear tooth geometry varies depending on the manufacturer and intended use. In early worms, threading resembled the thread on a screw, and was easily chased using a lathe. Later, grinding improved worm thread finishes and minimized distortions from hardening. As a result, today, most worm gears have a thread pattern corresponding to their size. When selecting a worm gear, make sure to check for the number of threads before purchasing it.
A worm gear’s threading is crucial in its operation. Worm teeth are typically cylindrical, and are arranged in a pattern similar to screw or nut threads. Worm teeth are often formed on an axis of perpendicular compared to their parallel counterparts. Because of this, they have greater torque than their spur gear counterparts. Moreover, the gearing has a low output speed and high torque.

Number of threads

Different types of worm gears use different numbers of threads on their planetary gears. A single threaded worm gear should not be used with a double-threaded worm. A single-threaded worm gear should be used with a single-threaded worm. Single-threaded worms are more effective for speed reduction than double-threaded ones.
The number of threads on a worm’s shaft is a ratio that compares the pitch diameter and number of teeth. In general, worms have 1,2,4 threads, but some have three, five, or six. Counting thread starts can help you determine the number of threads on a worm. A single-threaded worm has fewer threads than a multiple-threaded worm, but a multi-threaded worm will have more threads than a mono-threaded planetary gear.
To measure the number of threads on a worm shaft, a small fixture with 2 ground faces is used. The worm must be removed from its housing so that the finished thread area can be inspected. After identifying the number of threads, simple measurements of the worm’s outside diameter and thread depth are taken. Once the worm has been accounted for, a cast of the tooth space is made using epoxy material. The casting is moulded between the 2 tooth flanks. The V-block fixture rests against the outside diameter of the worm.
The circular pitch of a worm and its axial pitch must match the circular pitch of a larger gear. The axial pitch of a worm is the distance between the points of the teeth on a worm’s pitch diameter. The lead of a thread is the distance a thread travels in 1 revolution. The lead angle is the tangent to the helix of a thread on a cylinder.
The worm gear’s speed transmission ratio is based on the number of threads. A worm gear with a high ratio can be easily reduced in 1 step by using a set of worm gears. However, a multi-thread worm will have more than 2 threads. The worm gear is also more efficient than single-threaded gears. And a worm gear with a high ratio will allow the motor to be used in a variety of applications.
worm shaft

Lubrication

The lubrication of a worm gear is particularly challenging, due to its friction and high sliding contact force. Fortunately, there are several options for lubricants, such as compounded oils. Compounded oils are mineral-based lubricants formulated with 10 percent or more fatty acid, rust and oxidation inhibitors, and other additives. This combination results in improved lubricity, reduced friction, and lower sliding wear.
When choosing a lubricant for a worm shaft, make sure the product’s viscosity is right for the type of gearing used. A low viscosity will make the gearbox difficult to actuate and rotate. Worm gears also undergo a greater sliding motion than rolling motion, so grease must be able to migrate evenly throughout the gearbox. Repeated sliding motions will push the grease away from the contact zone.
Another consideration is the backlash of the gears. Worm gears have high gear ratios, sometimes 300:1. This is important for power applications, but is at the same time inefficient. Worm gears can generate heat during the sliding motion, so a high-quality lubricant is essential. This type of lubricant will reduce heat and ensure optimal performance. The following tips will help you choose the right lubricant for your worm gear.
In low-speed applications, a grease lubricant may be sufficient. In higher-speed applications, it’s best to apply a synthetic lubricant to prevent premature failure and tooth wear. In both cases, lubricant choice depends on the tangential and rotational speed. It is important to follow manufacturer’s guidelines regarding the choice of lubricant. But remember that lubricant choice is not an easy task.

China Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Hot sellingChina Good quality Made in China OEM Customized Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub   with Hot selling

China manufacturer Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub wholesaler

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in china hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery components rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

What Are Screw Shaft Threads?

A screw shaft is a threaded part used to fasten other components. The threads on a screw shaft are often described by their Coefficient of Friction, which describes how much friction is present between the mating surfaces. This article discusses these characteristics as well as the Material and Helix angle. You’ll have a better understanding of your screw shaft’s threads after reading this article. Here are some examples. Once you understand these details, you’ll be able to select the best screw nut for your needs.
screwshaft

Coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of a nut and a screw shaft

There are 2 types of friction coefficients. Dynamic friction and static friction. The latter refers to the amount of friction a nut has to resist an opposing motion. In addition to the material strength, a higher coefficient of friction can cause stick-slip. This can lead to intermittent running behavior and loud squeaking. Stick-slip may lead to a malfunctioning plain bearing. Rough shafts can be used to improve this condition.
The 2 types of friction coefficients are related to the applied force. When applying force, the applied force must equal the nut’s pitch diameter. When the screw shaft is tightened, the force may be removed. In the case of a loosening clamp, the applied force is smaller than the bolt’s pitch diameter. Therefore, the higher the property class of the bolt, the lower the coefficient of friction.
In most cases, the screwface coefficient of friction is lower than the nut face. This is because of zinc plating on the joint surface. Moreover, power screws are commonly used in the aerospace industry. Whether or not they are power screws, they are typically made of carbon steel, alloy steel, or stainless steel. They are often used in conjunction with bronze or plastic nuts, which are preferred in higher-duty applications. These screws often require no holding brakes and are extremely easy to use in many applications.
The coefficient of friction between the mating surfaces of t-screws is highly dependent on the material of the screw and the nut. For example, screws with internal lubricated plastic nuts use bearing-grade bronze nuts. These nuts are usually used on carbon steel screws, but can be used with stainless steel screws. In addition to this, they are easy to clean.

Helix angle

In most applications, the helix angle of a screw shaft is an important factor for torque calculation. There are 2 types of helix angle: right and left hand. The right hand screw is usually smaller than the left hand one. The left hand screw is larger than the right hand screw. However, there are some exceptions to the rule. A left hand screw may have a greater helix angle than a right hand screw.
A screw’s helix angle is the angle formed by the helix and the axial line. Although the helix angle is not usually changed, it can have a significant effect on the processing of the screw and the amount of material conveyed. These changes are more common in 2 stage and special mixing screws, and metering screws. These measurements are crucial for determining the helix angle. In most cases, the lead angle is the correct angle when the screw shaft has the right helix angle.
High helix screws have large leads, sometimes up to 6 times the screw diameter. These screws reduce the screw diameter, mass, and inertia, allowing for higher speed and precision. High helix screws are also low-rotation, so they minimize vibrations and audible noises. But the right helix angle is important in any application. You must carefully choose the right type of screw for the job at hand.
If you choose a screw gear that has a helix angle other than parallel, you should select a thrust bearing with a correspondingly large center distance. In the case of a screw gear, a 45-degree helix angle is most common. A helix angle greater than zero degrees is also acceptable. Mixing up helix angles is beneficial because it allows for a variety of center distances and unique applications.
screwshaft

Thread angle

The thread angle of a screw shaft is measured from the base of the head of the screw to the top of the screw’s thread. In America, the standard screw thread angle is 60 degrees. The standard thread angle was not widely adopted until the early twentieth century. A committee was established by the Franklin Institute in 1864 to study screw threads. The committee recommended the Sellers thread, which was modified into the United States Standard Thread. The standardized thread was adopted by the United States Navy in 1868 and was recommended for construction by the Master Car Builders’ Association in 1871.
Generally speaking, the major diameter of a screw’s threads is the outside diameter. The major diameter of a nut is not directly measured, but can be determined with go/no-go gauges. It is necessary to understand the major and minor diameters in relation to each other in order to determine a screw’s thread angle. Once this is known, the next step is to determine how much of a pitch is necessary to ensure a screw’s proper function.
Helix angle and thread angle are 2 different types of angles that affect screw efficiency. For a lead screw, the helix angle is the angle between the helix of the thread and the line perpendicular to the axis of rotation. A lead screw has a greater helix angle than a helical one, but has higher frictional losses. A high-quality lead screw requires a higher torque to rotate. Thread angle and lead angle are complementary angles, but each screw has its own specific advantages.
Screw pitch and TPI have little to do with tolerances, craftsmanship, quality, or cost, but rather the size of a screw’s thread relative to its diameter. Compared to a standard screw, the fine and coarse threads are easier to tighten. The coarser thread is deeper, which results in lower torques. If a screw fails because of torsional shear, it is likely to be a result of a small minor diameter.

Material

Screws have a variety of different sizes, shapes, and materials. They are typically machined on CNC machines and lathes. Each type is used for different purposes. The size and material of a screw shaft are influenced by how it will be used. The following sections give an overview of the main types of screw shafts. Each 1 is designed to perform a specific function. If you have questions about a specific type, contact your local machine shop.
Lead screws are cheaper than ball screws and are used in light-duty, intermittent applications. Lead screws, however, have poor efficiency and are not recommended for continuous power transmission. But, they are effective in vertical applications and are more compact. Lead screws are typically used as a kinematic pair with a ball screw. Some types of lead screws also have self-locking properties. Because they have a low coefficient of friction, they have a compact design and very few parts.
Screws are made of a variety of metals and alloys. Steel is an economical and durable material, but there are also alloy steel and stainless steel types. Bronze nuts are the most common and are often used in higher-duty applications. Plastic nuts provide low-friction, which helps reduce the drive torques. Stainless steel screws are also used in high-performance applications, and may be made of titanium. The materials used to create screw shafts vary, but they all have their specific functions.
Screws are used in a wide range of applications, from industrial and consumer products to transportation equipment. They are used in many different industries, and the materials they’re made of can determine their life. The life of a screw depends on the load that it bears, the design of its internal structure, lubrication, and machining processes. When choosing screw assemblies, look for a screw made from the highest quality steels possible. Usually, the materials are very clean, so they’re a great choice for a screw. However, the presence of imperfections may cause a normal fatigue failure.
screwshaft

Self-locking features

Screws are known to be self-locking by nature. The mechanism for this feature is based on several factors, such as the pitch angle of the threads, material pairing, lubrication, and heating. This feature is only possible if the shaft is subjected to conditions that are not likely to cause the threads to loosen on their own. The self-locking ability of a screw depends on several factors, including the pitch angle of the thread flank and the coefficient of sliding friction between the 2 materials.
One of the most common uses of screws is in a screw top container lid, corkscrew, threaded pipe joint, vise, C-clamp, and screw jack. Other applications of screw shafts include transferring power, but these are often intermittent and low-power operations. Screws are also used to move material in Archimedes’ screw, auger earth drill, screw conveyor, and micrometer.
A common self-locking feature for a screw is the presence of a lead screw. A screw with a low PV value is safe to operate, but a screw with high PV will need a lower rotation speed. Another example is a self-locking screw that does not require lubrication. The PV value is also dependent on the material of the screw’s construction, as well as its lubrication conditions. Finally, a screw’s end fixity – the way the screw is supported – affects the performance and efficiency of a screw.
Lead screws are less expensive and easier to manufacture. They are a good choice for light-weight and intermittent applications. These screws also have self-locking capabilities. They can be self-tightened and require less torque for driving than other types. The advantage of lead screws is their small size and minimal number of parts. They are highly efficient in vertical and intermittent applications. They are not as accurate as lead screws and often have backlash, which is caused by insufficient threads.

China manufacturer Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub   wholesaler China manufacturer Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Components Rear Axle Wheel Hub   wholesaler

China Hot selling Made in China Hot Die Forging Alloy Steel Agricultural Machinery Parts Rear Axle Wheel Hub wholesaler

Product Description

1
Products 
Name: Made in china hot die forging alloy steel agricultural machinery parts rear axle wheel hub
Material: 40CrMo
Weight: From .2kg-10kg
Packing: standard export packing
Min order: 100pcs
Customized production is available as your drawings or sample. 
 

Process Die Forging
Material Stainless Steel, Carbon Steel, Alloy Steel 
Weight 0.1Kg~20Kg
Heat Treatment Quenching, Annealing,Tempering,Normalizing, Quenching and Tempering
Testing instrument  composition testing Spectrometer, Metallographic microscope
Performance testing Hardness tester, Tensile testing machine
Size Measuring  CMM,Micrometer, Vernier Caliper, Depth Caliper, feeler gauge
Thread Gauge , Height Gauge
Roughness Ra1.6~Ra6.3
Machining Equipment CNC Center , CNC Machines, Turning, Drilling, Milling, boring machine,Grinding Machines,
Wire EDM,Laser Cutting&Welding, Plasma Cutting &Welding, EDM etc.
Quality control Sampling inspection of raw materials and semi-finished products, 100% Inspection of finished products  
Surface Treatment Shot Blast ,  Powder Coating, Polishing, Galvanized , Chrome Plated   
Production Capacity 60000T / Years
Lead Time Normally 30 – 45 Days.
Payment Terms T/T , L/C 
Material Standard ASTM , AISI , DIN , BS, JIS, GB,
Certification ISO9001:2008, IATF16949:2016

2
 Products Quality Control
Quality control involve the inspection and control of incoming materials, production processes, and finished products.
The quality control process includes,
1 First of all, the incoming raw materials with random sampling are analyzed by metallographic microscope to ensure that the chemical composition meets the production requirements
2 Then In the production process, there are QC staffs timely sampling ensure that the products are free of defects in the manufacturing process, and to coordinate and handle any abnormal quality issues may be occurred.
3 The final step of production process is magnetic particle flaw detector of the metal parts to detect it’s hidden crack or other defects.
4 All the finished metal parts is sampled in proportion and sent to the laboratory for various mechanical performance tests and size measurement, and the surface quality is manually 100%  inspected.
The relevant testing equipment pictures are as following:

3
Quality Management System Control:
We strictly carry out system management accordance with iso9001 and ts16949 quality standards. And 5S lean production management is implemented on the production site.
The production management site as following:

4
Our Advantages:
1 We have a complete production process and equipment research and development capabilities for non-ferrous metal forming. Over 25 years of production experience of forging equipment and casting equipment make us own deep level understanding and operating of all equipments’ performance and running.
2 Our parent company, HiHangZhou Group, is a world-renowned high-end machinery manufacturing enterprise with more than 30 domestic subsidiaries and branches.  The sales volume of 4 products ranks No1 nationwide and even worldwide, providing us with a strong technical and financial support.
3 One-third of over 300 staff are technical technical R&D members, ensuring the continuous technical innovation and the sustainable development of our company.
4 Our company implements the employee stock ownership system of company shares Increasing members’ sense of responsibility, creativity and work motivation.
5 The company  is a model enterprise in the region of low-carbon environmental protection, and energy saving and emission reduction in reduction.
6 Unique company culture, and the regular rotation of individual work position give full play to the potential of talents and provide strong vitality for the development of the company.
7 Our Service:
A. Customized and Standard Manufacturing Service
B. A variety of Manufacturing Process Integration
C. Quality and Delivery Time Guaranteed
D. Effective Communication Ability

5
Company Culture 

Our Vision
To become 1 of the leading companies

Our Mission
To become a platform for employees to realize their dream
To become 1 of the transforming and upgrading pacemaker of Chinese enterprises
To set the national brands with pride

Our Belief
Strive to build the company into an ideal platform for entrepreneurs to realize their self-worth and contribute to the society

Values
Improvement is innovation, everyone can innovate
innovation inspired and failures tolerated

6
FAQ
1.
Q:  Are you a trading company or a manufacturer?
A:  Obviously we are a manufacturer of forging products, casting products and also have a high level of machining capabilities.

2.
Q:  What series products do your have?
A:  We are mainly engaged in forming processing of non-ferrous metals, including processing by casting , forging and machining. As you know, such machinery parts can be observed in various industries of equipment manufacturing.

3
Q:  Do you provide samples? is it free?
A:  Yes, we commonly provide samples according to the traditional practice, but we also need customers to provide a freight pay-by-account number to show mutual sincerity of cooperation.

4
Q:  Is OEM available?
A:  Yes, OEM is available.

5
Q:  What’s your quality guarantee?
A: We insist that the survival of the company should depend on the products quality continuous improvement, without which we cannot survive for long. We carry out strictly product quality control for every process from incoming materials, production process to finished products via advanced detection instrument and equipment. We also invite independent third parties to certify our quality and management systems. Till now we have passed ISO/TS16949 and SGS certification .

6
Q.  How  about  the  Packing?
A: We usually use the iron box, or wooden case, also it can be customized according to customer’s demands.

7
Q:  What is your minimum order quantity?
A:  Yes, we require all international orders to have an minimum order quantity. The quantity is up to the exact products feature or property such as the material, weight, construction etc.

8
Q:  What is the lead time?
A:  Generally our forging products and casting products need to make new dies or molds, the time of making new dies or molds and samples within 30-45 days, and the large batch production time within 30-45 days. it’s also according to the parts structural complexity and quantity.

9
Q: What kinds of payment methods do you accept?
A: You can make the payment by T/T or L/C. 30% deposit in advance, 70% balance against the copy of B/L.

 

What Is a Worm Gear Reducer?

If you have never seen a worm gear reducer before, you’re missing out! Learn more about these incredible gears and their applications by reading this article! In addition to worm gear reducers, learn about worms and how they’re made. You’ll also discover what types of machines can benefit from worm gears, such as rock crushers and elevators. The following information will help you understand what a worm gear reducer is and how to find 1 in your area.
worm shaft

Typical worm shaft

A typical worm has 2 shafts, 1 for advancing and 1 for receding, which form the axial pitch of the gear. Usually, there are 8 standard axial pitches, which establish a basic dimension for worm production and inspection. The axial pitch of the worm equals the circular pitch of the gear in the central plane and the master lead cam’s radial pitch. A single set of change gears and 1 master lead cam are used to produce each size of worm.
Worm gear is commonly used to manufacture a worm shaft. It is a reliable and efficient gear reduction system that does not move when the power is removed. Typical worm gears come in standard sizes as well as assisted systems. Manufacturers can be found online. Listed below are some common materials for worm gears. There are also many options for lubrication. The worm gear is typically made from case hardened steel or bronze. Non-metallic materials are also used in light-duty applications.
A self-locking worm gear prevents the worm from moving backwards. Typical worm gears are generally self-locking when the lead angle is less than 11 degrees. However, this feature can be detrimental to systems that require reverse sensitivity. If the lead angle is less than 4 degrees, back-driving is unlikely. However, if fail-safe protection is a prerequisite, back-driving worm gears must have a positive brake to avoid reverse movement.
Worm gears are often used in transmission applications. They are a more efficient way to reduce the speed of a machine compared to conventional gear sets. Their reduced speed is possible thanks to their low ratio and few components. Unlike conventional gear sets, worm gears require less maintenance and lower mechanical failure than a conventional gear set. While they require fewer parts, worm gears are also more durable than conventional gear sets.
There are 2 types of worm tooth forms. Convex and involute helicoids have different types of teeth. The former uses a straight line to intersect the involute worm generating line. The latter, on the other hand, uses a trapezoid based on the central cross section of the root. Both of these tooth forms are used in the production of worms. And they have various variations in pitch diameter.
worm shaft

Types of worms

Worms have several forms of tooth. For convenience in production, a trapezoid-based tooth form is used. Other forms include an involute helicoidal or a convolute worm generating a line. The following is a description of each type. All types are similar, and some may be preferred over others. Listed below are the 3 most common worm shaft types. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages.
Discrete versus parallel axis: The design of a worm gear determines its ratio of torque. It’s a combination of 2 different metals – 1 for the worm and 1 for the wheel – which helps it absorb shock loads. Construction equipment and off-road vehicles typically require varying torques to maneuver over different terrain. A worm gear system can help them maneuver over uneven terrain without causing excessive wear.
Worm gear units have the highest ratio. The sliding action of the worm shaft results in a high self-locking torque. Depending on the angle of inclination and friction, a worm gear can reach up to 100:1! Worm gears can be made of different materials depending on their inclination and friction angle. Worm gears are also useful for gear reduction applications, such as lubrication or grinding. However, you should consider that heavier gears tend to be harder to reverse than lighter ones.
Metal alloy: Stainless steel, brass, and aluminum bronze are common materials for worm gears. All 3 types have unique advantages. A bronze worm gear is typically composed of a combination of copper, zinc, and tin. A bronze shaft is more corrosive than a brass one, but it is a durable and corrosion-resistant option. Metal alloys: These materials are used for both the worm wheel.
The efficiency of worm gears depends on the assembly conditions and the lubricant. A 30:1 ratio reduces the efficiency to 81:1%. A worm gear is more efficient at higher ratios than an helical gear, but a 30:1 ratio reduces the efficiency to 81%. A helical gear reduces speed while preserving torque to around 15% of the original speed. The difference in efficiency between worm gear and helical gear is about half an hour!

Methods of manufacturing worm shafts

Several methods of manufacturing worm shafts are available in the market. Single-pointed lathe tools or end mills are the most popular methods for manufacturing worms. These tools are capable of producing worms with different pressure angles depending on their diameter, the depth of thread, and the grinding wheel’s diameter. The diagram below shows how different pressure angles influence the profile of worms manufactured using different cutting tools.
The method for making worm shafts involves the process of establishing the proper outer diameter of a common worm shaft blank. This may include considering the number of reduction ratios in a family, the distance between the worm shaft and the gear set center, as well as the torques involved. These processes are also referred to as ‘thread assembly’. Each process can be further refined if the desired axial pitch can be achieved.
The axial pitch of a worm must match the circular pitch of the larger gear. This is called the pitch. The pitch diameter and axial pitch must be equal. Worms can be left-handed or right-handed. The lead, which refers to the distance a point on the thread travels during 1 revolution of the worm, is defined by its angle of tangent to the helix on the pitch of the cylinder.
Worm shafts are commonly manufactured using a worm gear. Worm gears can be used in different applications because they offer fine adjustment and high gear reduction. They can be made in both standard sizes and assisted systems. Worm shaft manufacturers can be found online. Alternatively, you can contact a manufacturer directly to get your worm gears manufactured. The process will take only a few minutes. If you are looking for a manufacturer of worm gears, you can browse a directory.
Worm gears are made with hardened metal. The worm wheel and gear are yellow in color. A compounded oil with rust and oxidation inhibitors is also used to make worm gears. These oils adhere to the shaft walls and make a protective barrier between the surfaces. If the compounded oil is applied correctly, the worm gear will reduce the noise in a motor, resulting in a smoother performance.
worm shaft

applications for worm gear reducers

Worm gears are widely used in power transmission applications, providing a compact, high reduction, low-speed drive. To determine the torque ratio of worm gears, a numerical model was developed that makes use of the equation of displacement compatibility and the influence coefficient method, which provides fast computing. The numerical model also incorporates bending deflections of the gear surfaces and the mating surfaces. It is based on the Boussinesq theory, which calculates local contact deformations.
Worm gears can be designed to be right or left-handed, and the worm can turn either clockwise or counter-clockwise. An internal helical gear requires the same hand to operate both parts. In contrast, an external helical gear must be operated by the opposite hand. The same principle applies to worm gears in other applications. The torque and power transferred can be large, but worm gears are able to cope with large reductions in both directions.
Worm gears are extremely useful in industrial machinery designs. They reduce noise levels, save space, and give machines extra precision and fast-stopping capabilities. Worm gears are also available in compact versions, making them ideal for hoisting applications. This type of gear reducer is used in industrial settings where space is an issue. Its smaller size and less noise makes it ideal for applications that need the machine to stop quickly.
A double-throated worm gear offers the highest load capacity while still remaining compact. The double-throated version features concave teeth on both worm and gear, doubling the contact area between them. Worm gears are also useful for low to moderate-horsepower applications, and their high ratios, high output torque, and significant speed reduction make them a desirable choice for many applications. Worm gears are also quieter than other types of gears, reducing the noise and vibrations that they cause.
Worm gears have numerous advantages over other types of gears. They have high levels of conformity and can be classified as a screw pair within a lower-pair gear family. Worm gears are also known to have a high degree of relative sliding. Worm gears are often made of hardened steel or phosphor-bronze, which provides good surface finish and rigid positioning. Worm gears are lubricated with special lubricants that contain surface-active additives. Worm gear lubrication is a mixed lubrication process and causes mild wear and tear.

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